Review of Low-Voltage Load Forecasting

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This is an overview of load forecasting data sets as presented in our paper available as preprint on arXiv and published in Applied Energy.

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Name Bibtexkey Type No. Customers Resolution Duration Intervention Sub-metering Weather avail. Location Other data provided: Access/Licence
ADRES (Einfalt et al., 2011) Residential 30 1 s 2 weeks None No No Austria (Upper Austria) Voltage Free for Research (E-Mail)
GREEND Electrical Energy Dataset (GREEND) (Monacchi et al., 2014) Residential 8 1 s 3-6 months None Yes No Austria, Italy Occupancy, Building type Free (Access Form)
UCI Appliances (Candanedo et al., 2017) Residential 1 10 min 4.5 months None No Yes Belgium (Mons) Lights, Building information No Licence
Industrial Machines (de Mello Martins; Vagner Barbosa Nascimento; Antônio Renato de Freitas; Pedro Bittencourt e Silva; Raphael Guimarães Duarte Pinto, 2018) Industrial 1 1 s 1 month None Yes No Brasil (Minas Gerais) CC BY 4.0
Rainforest Automation Energy (Makonin et al., 2018) Residential 2 1 s 2 months None Yes Yes Canada Environmental, Heat Pump, CC BY 4.0
AMPds2 (Makonin, 2016) (Makonin et al., 2016) Residential 1 1 min 2 years None Yes Yes Canada (Alberta) Gas, Water, Building Type and Plan CC BY 4.0
Sustainable Building Energy Systems 2017 (Johnson & Beausoleil-Morrison, 2017) Residential 23 1 min 1 year None Yes No Canada (Ottawa) Sociodemographic (Occupants, Age, Size) Free (Attribution, E-Mail)
Sustainable Building Energy Systems 2013 (Saldanha & Beausoleil-Morrison, 2012) Residential 12 1 min 1 year None Yes No Canada (Ottawa) Sociodemographic (Occupants, Age, Size) Free (Attribution, E-Mail)
FINESCE Horsens Residential 20 1 h several days None Yes Yes Denmark (Horsens) EV, PV, Heat Pump, Heating, Smart Home, CC BY-SA
UCI Individual household electric power cons. (Hebrail & Berard, 2012) Residential 1 1 min 4 years None Yes No France (Sceaux) Reactive Power, Voltage CC BY 4.0
BLOND-50 (Kriechbaumer & Jacobsen, 2017) Commercial 1 50 kHz 213 days None Yes No Germany CC BY 4.0
BLOND-250 (Kriechbaumer & Jacobsen, 2017) Commercial 1 250 kHz 50 days None Yes No Germany CC BY 4.0
Fresh Energy (Beyertt et al., 2020) Residential 200 15 min 1 year Behavioural Yes No Germany Age group, Gender of main customer CC BY 4.0
FINESCE Factory Industrial 1 1 min 2 days None Yes No Germany (Aachen) Machines CC BY-SA
HTW Lichte Weiten (Forschungsgruppe Solarspeichersysteme der HTW Berlin, 2019) Residential 1 15 min 1 year None No No Germany (Berlin) No Licence
HTW Synthetic (Tjaden et al., 2015) Residential 74 1 s 1 year None No No Germany (Representative) Synthetic dataset merged CC BY-NC
CoSSMic (Open Power System Data., 2020) Residential, Commercial 11 1 min, 15 min, 1 h 1-3 years None Yes No Germany (South) PV, EV, Type (Residential/SME) CC BY 4.0
SciBER (Staudt et al., 2018) Other 107 15 min 3 years None No No Germany (South) Type (Office, Gym, ...) CC BY 4.0
iAWE (Batra et al., 2013) Residential 1 1 s 2 months None Yes No India (New Delhi) Water No Licence
COMBED (Batra et al., 2014) Commercial 1 30 s 1 month None Yes No India (New Delhi) No Licence
Irish CER Smart Metering Project data (Commission for Energy Regulation (CER), 2012) Residential, Commercial 3835 30 min 1.5 years Tariff No No Ireland Type (Residential/SME/Other) Free (Signed Access Form)
Hvaler Substation Level data (Dang-Ha et al., 2017) Substation 20 1 h 2 years None No No Norway (Hvaler) No Licence
Energy Informatics Group Pakistan (Pereira et al., 2014) Residential 42 1 min 1 year None Yes No Pakistan Sociodemographic (building properties, no of people, devices) No Licence
UCI Electricity Load Diagrams (Godahewa et al., 2020) Residential, Commercial, Industrial 370 15 min 2 years None No No Portugal No Licence
Electricity Consumption and Occupancy (ECO) (Beckel et al., 2014) (Kleiminger et al., 2015) Residential 6 1 s 8 months None Yes No Switzerland Occupancy CC BY 4.0
Home Electricity Survey (HES) (Zimmermann et al., 2012) Residential 250 2 min 1 month (255) to 1 year (26) None Yes No UK Consumer Archetype Request
METER (Grunewald & Diakonova, 2019) Residential 29 1 min 28 hours None No No UK Activity data, Sociodemographic Free for Research (Access Form)
IDEAL Household Energy Dataset (Goddard et al., 2020) Residential 255 1 s 3 years None Yes No UK Smart Home, Sociodemographic, energy awareness survey, room temperature and humidity, building characteristics CC BY 4.0
Customer-Led Network Revolution project data (Sidebotham & Powergrid, 2015) Residential, Commercial 12000 30 min > 1 year Time of Use No No UK EV, PV, Heatpump, Tariff, CC BY-SA
UK Domestic Appliance-Level Electricity (UK-DALE) (Kelly & Knottenbelt, 2015) Residential 5 16 kHz, 1 s months, one house > 4 years None Yes No UK (London area) CC BY 4.0
UK Low Carbon London (UK Power Networks, 2014) (Godahewa et al., 2020) Residential 5567 30 min 2 years Time of Use No No UK (London) CACI Acorn group No Licence
REFIT (Murray & Stankovic, 2016) (Murray et al., 2017) Residential 20 8 s 2 years None Yes Yes UK (Loughborough) PV, Gas, Water, Sociodemographic (Occupancy, Dwelling Age, Dwelling Type, No. Bedrooms) CC BY 4.0
Flexible Networks for a Low Carbon Future Substation Several Secondary 30 min 1 year None No No UK (St Andrews, Whitchurch, Ruabon) Free (Access Form)
NTVV Substation Substation 316 5 s > 4 years None No No UK (Thames Valley) Open Access (Any purpose)
NTVV Smart Meter Commercial 316 30 min > 4 years None No No UK (Thames Valley) Open Access (Any purpose)
IEEE PES Open Data Sets Residential, Commercial 15 1 min, 5 min, 15 min 2 weeks None No No USA Connection limit No Licence
Reference Energy Disaggregation Data Set (REDD) (Kolter & Johnson, 2011) Residential 10 1 kHz 3-19 days None Yes No USA (Boston) Voltage Free (Attribution, E-Mail)
Iowa Distribution Test Systems (Bu et al., 2019) Substation 240 nodes 1 h 1 year None Yes No USA (Iowa) Grid data Free (Attribution)
Pecanstreet Dataport (Academic) (Pecan Street Inc., 2018) Residential 75 1 min, 15 min, 1 h 2-3 years None Yes Yes USA (Austin, New York, California) PV, EV, Water, Gas, Sociodemographic Free for Research (Access Form)
Residential Building Stock Assessment (Larson et al., 2014) Residential 101 15 min 27 months None Yes No USA (North West Region) Building Type (Single Family, Manufactured, Multifamily) Free (Access Form)
SMART* Home 2017 (Barker et al., 2012) Residential 7 1 s > 2 years None Yes Yes USA (Western Massachussets) No Licence
SMART* Apartment (Barker et al., 2012) Residential 114 1 min 2 years None No Yes USA (Western Massachussets) No Licence
SMART* Occupancy (Barker et al., 2012) Residential 2 1 min 3 weeks None No No USA (Western Massachussets) Occupancy No Licence
SMART* Microgrid (Barker et al., 2012) Residential 443 1 min 1 day None No No USA (Western Massachussets) No Licence
SMART* Home 2013 (Barker et al., 2012) Residential 3 1 s 3 months None Yes No USA (Western Massachussets) Solar, Wind, Environmental, Smart Home, Voltage, No Licence
Hierarchical Demand Forecasting Benchmark (Nespoli et al., 2020) Residential, Commercial, Substation 24 10 min 1 year None Yes Yes Switzerland (Rolle) Reactive Power, Voltage, THD CC BY 4.0
BLEM (Kostmann & Härdle, 2019) Residential 200 3 min 1 year None No No Germany No Licence
MORED (Ahajjam et al., 2020) Residential, Commercial 9 10 Hz 30 days None Yes No Morocco No Licence
Ausgrid substation data Substation 225 15 min 20 years None No No Australia (NSW) No Licence
Ausgrid Solar Home Residential 300 30 min 3 years None No No Australia (NSW) No Licence
SustData (Pereira et al., 2014) Residential 50 1 min several months None Yes Yes Portugal (Funchal) Voltage, Powerfactor, Reactive Power, Sociodemographic (Type, Bedroooms, occupants) Free for Research (E-Mail)
Smart Energy Research Lab Exploratory Data (SERL) (Smart Energy Research Lab & Local Government, 2020) Residential 1770 30 min 1 year None No No UK Free for Research (E-Mail)
Hourly Usage of Energy (HUE) (Makonin, 2019) Residential 22 1 h 3 years None No Yes Canada (British Columbia) CC-BY 4.0
ENERTALK (Shin et al., 2019) Residential 22 15 Hz 30 days None Yes No Korea No Licence

Cite

If you find it useful and use it in your work, feel free to cite our preprint:

@article{haben2021review,
    title = {Review of low voltage load forecasting: Methods, applications, and recommendations},
    journal = {Applied Energy},
    volume = {304},
    pages = {117798},
    year = {2021},
    issn = {0306-2619},
    doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.117798},
    url = {https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261921011326},
    author = {Stephen Haben and Siddharth Arora and Georgios Giasemidis and Marcus Voss and Danica {Vukadinović Greetham}},
}

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